Anal fistulas are nothing but small channel that is formed between the end of the bowel and the skin near the anus. If left untreated, they can become infected and cause pain and discomfort. Fortunately, surgical procedures exist to repair these fistulas.
However, it is important for patients to be aware of a few key precautions that should be taken after an anal fistula surgery in order to ensure optimal healing and a successful outcome. As outlined by the health experts at Gut care clinic, the best anal fistula treatment hospital in Bangalore will discuss the 9 best precautions to be taken after anal fistula surgery.
1. A Digital Rectal Examination
It is essential for patients who have undergone anal fistula surgery to undergo a digital rectal examination (DRE) at regular intervals. The DRE should be performed by a qualified doctor or healthcare professional to assess the healing process and make sure that everything is proceeding as expected. During the procedure, the doctor will insert a gloved finger into the anus in order to feel for any abnormalities such as scar tissue, abscesses, or fistulas.
2. Avoid Constipation
In order to ensure that the anal fistula heals properly after surgery, it is important for patients to avoid constipation. This can be accomplished by staying hydrated and eating plenty of fiber-rich foods such as fruits and vegetables. It may also be helpful for patients to take a stool softener in order to help prevent the formation of hard, dry stools.
3. Avoid Straining or Heavy Lifting
In order to prevent any post-surgical complications, patients should avoid straining or doing heavy lifting for at least one month after their fistula surgery. This is because straining and heavy lifting can put added pressure on the anal area, potentially leading to further damage or infection. If possible, it is best to take some time off from work in order to rest and recover properly.
4. Monitor Your Bowel Movements
After a fistula surgery, it is important for patients to closely monitor their bowel movements. They should pay attention to any changes in frequency, color, or consistency of stool as these can be signs of infection or other complications. It is also important to note any pain, bleeding, or discomfort that may occur after a bowel movement as this could indicate further damage or infection.
5. Practice Good Hygiene
In order to help prevent infection and promote healing, it is essential for patients to practice good hygiene after their surgery. This includes washing the anal area with warm water and mild soap every day. It is important to keep the area clean and dry in order to reduce the risk of infection.
6. Wear Loose-Fitting Clothing
It is important for patients to wear loose-fitting clothing during the healing process in order to avoid putting extra pressure on the area around the anal fistula. It is also important to avoid wearing tight clothing such as jeans or leggings, as these can further irritate the area.
7. Take Antibiotics
Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics after your surgery in order to prevent infection and promote healing. It is important to take the medication exactly as prescribed in order to ensure that it works correctly. It is essential for patients to follow up with their doctor if they experience any adverse reactions while taking antibiotics.
8. Avoid Hot Tubs or Saunas
Hot tubs and saunas should be avoided after an anal fistula surgery as the heat can aggravate the wound area and potentially lead to further complications. If a hot tub or sauna is necessary, it is important to take extra care and not stay in for too long.
9. Follow Up with Your Doctor
It is essential for patients to follow up with their doctor after an anal fistula surgery in order to ensure that things are healing correctly. During this visit, your doctor will likely perform a digital rectal examination in order to assess any progress and determine if any additional treatments are necessary.
Following these 9 precautions after anal fistula surgery can help ensure a successful recovery and prevent any further damage to the area. With proper care, patients who undergo this surgery should be able to return to their normal activities within two weeks. However, if any complications or difficulties arise, it is important to seek medical attention right away.
At the Gut care clinic, we strive to provide comprehensive care in order to help our patients achieve successful outcomes. If you have recently experienced an anal fistula and would like more information about the best precautions to take, please don’t hesitate to contact us for a consultation. Our team of experienced professionals will be happy to assist you with any questions or concerns you may have.