What is Constipation?
You might sometimes feel uncomfortable and difficulty in emptying your stomach. You will have the urge to go but when you do, you find it hard to empty your bowel; this is because you are constipated.
People of all ages suffer from constipation. Constipation means that you are not passing your stool (feces) as often, and as normally you do. You might have to strain more than usual to completely empty your bowel.
If you are suffering from constipation need not worry as it is very common and goes away within few days, but if it doesn’t you need to talk to our best gastroenterologist doctor in Bangalore immediately.
Symptoms of Constipation
The symptoms of constipation may vary from person to person, but some common signs include:
- Abdominal discomfort
- Bloating, and
- A reduced appetite.
People with constipation may also experience straining during bowel movements, hard or lumpy stool, and a sense of obstruction in the rectum.
In addition to these physical symptoms, constipation can also lead to other health problems, such as hemorrhoids, anal fissures, and fecal impaction. Chronic constipation may increase the risk of developing colorectal cancer or other gastrointestinal diseases.
Causes of Constipation
The most common cause of constipation is a lack of fiber in the diet. Fiber is important because it adds bulk to the stool and helps to move it through the intestines. A lack of physical activity can also contribute to constipation, as exercise helps to stimulate the muscles in the digestive tract.
Other potential causes of constipation include
- Certain medications, and
- Medical conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), hypothyroidism, and Parkinson’s disease.
- Stress and anxiety can also affect bowel movements and contribute to constipation.
If constipation persists or is accompanied by other symptoms such as abdominal pain or blood in the stool, it is important to consult a doctor to rule out any underlying medical conditions that may require treatment.
Treatments for Constipation
Constipation can be treated with a variety of methods, depending on the severity of the condition and its underlying causes. Mild cases of constipation can often be relieved by making changes to the diet and lifestyle, such as increasing fiber intake, staying hydrated, and engaging in regular exercise.
Over-the-counter laxatives, such as fiber supplements, stool softeners, and laxative medications, may also be effective for treating constipation. However, it is important to use these products as directed and not to rely on them for long-term relief.
In some cases, prescription medications or procedures may be necessary to treat constipation. In rare cases, surgery may be necessary to correct underlying conditions that are causing constipation, such as bowel obstruction or rectal prolapse.
It is important to consult a doctor if constipation persists or is accompanied by other symptoms, such as abdominal pain or bleeding, as these may be signs of a more serious underlying condition.